Load bearing structure
Load-bearing structure means that the load is supported by the wall, there is no column or beam to support the load.
The load bearing Structure are constructed with help of brick , concrete bricks etc.
Load bearing Structure transfer the load to Foundation in this way,
( Slab to Wall and wall to Foundation )
The Foundation of Load bearing Structure are made with Rubble Masonry or With Stone which bear all load coming from the Wall.
And Problem is also that When wall collapse in any situation then whole structure will collapse.
To make load bearing Structure more stronger then we have to increase the wall thickness but it’s reduce the Room area.
- Load Bearing Structure are not perform very well in earthquake but it doesn’t mean all Load Bearing Structure will collapse in future.
- But the problem is labour work is increase and Material like brick is also required in Quantity.
Frame structures is a combination of beam and column to support the load. The load rests on the beam, the beam transfers the load to the column, which in turn transfer the load to the foundation.
Frame structures are the modern and safe way of designing large structures. The Frame structure are more stable and reliable in Earthquake.Frame Structure make whole structure Flexible.Frame Structure transfer the load in this Path.
Slab to Beam then beam to Column and the column to Foundation
We can see the load distribution path in Frame Structure. In the Frame Structure the load carrying Element is The Beam and Column.
Now Beam is supporting to Slab so it take bending and shear of slab.The beam is designed as flexure member because mainly beam has to bend under slab loading.After this all load is Transferred to Column which take Compression Force.Now Cloumn is supporting to beam and take the load of beam and transfer to the Foundation.