civil site visit

15 Roles and Responsibilities of Civil Site Engineer

A civil site engineer is someone who oversees and manages the day-to-day operations of different projects. Civil site engineers are recruited by government organisations and private firms to oversee the construction of different projects like residential and commercial buildings, roadways, dams, railways, ports, and much more.

Key responsibilities of a civil site engineer:

1. Drawing Reading

Interpretation of drawing means reading the drawing. The job of a civil engineer is to analyze the drawing given.

The first thing you do is to do the layout after looking at the drawing mainly total work is done only after looking at the drawing, then the work is done on the site.

There are different types of construction drawings such as plan, section, and elevation. The civil engineer must understand the details given in the plan and work according to the dimensions given in the drawing.

2. Preparing Bar Bending Schedule

Preparing a bar bending schedule is an essential part of the construction process for any reinforced concrete structure. It involves detailing and listing all the steel bars, their sizes, shapes, and the number required for construction. A well-prepared bar bending schedule can help ensure that the reinforcement is placed correctly, the concrete structure is strong and durable, and the construction process is more efficient.

Steps to Prepare Bar Bending Schedule

1) Analyzing the Structural Design

To prepare a bar bending schedule, the engineer or technician responsible for the project must first analyze the structural design of the building. This involves identifying the various structural members, such as columns, beams, and slabs, and determining the required size and spacing of the reinforcement bars. Through this analysis, the engineer can create a plan for the required steel bars and ensure that the structure is reinforced in accordance with the design specifications.

2) Determining the Quantity of Steel Required

To proceed with the bar bending schedule, it is necessary to determine the quantity of steel required for each structural member based on the design specifications. This step involves calculating the weight of steel required per meter length of each bar and multiplying it by the length of the bar required for each member.

3) Arranging the Steel Bars

After determining the quantity of steel required for each member, the next step in preparing a bar bending schedule is to arrange the steel bars in the required shape and size. This step involves cutting and bending the bars according to the specifications provided in the structural design, which is essential for ensuring the structural integrity of the building. Skilled workers use various tools and machines to cut and bend the bars accurately, which is critical for ensuring that the reinforcement fits the structure and maintains its strength.

4) Assigning Bar Marks

Assigning a unique identification mark, called a bar mark, to each steel bar used in the structure is the next step. This helps in identifying the bar during construction and ensuring that it is placed correctly.

5) Creating the Bar Bending Schedule

To complete the process of preparing a bar bending schedule, the next step is to create a document that lists the details of each bar used in the structure, known as the bar bending schedule (BBS). The BBS includes essential information such as the bar mark, size, shape, length required, and the quantity required for each structural member. Additionally, the BBS also provides information on the placement of each bar and the location of lap joints to ensure that the steel is accurately placed during construction.

    3. Allotting Work to Labors

    Allotting work is also the main work of the civil Engineer .During TBT tell them what work to do and for how long to do what right material to use. And it is also your work that monitor supervisor ,that he is doing his job or not .

    It is also the job of a civil engineer to work on the labor that is on the site and tell them what work to do and for how long to do what right material to use.

    Labor is very lazy until they are told they work. And if the labor is not told properly, then it can also cause huge losses, so the civil engineer needs to stand by and monitor the work.

    4.Quality Assurance

    Constructing any civil structure needs to pass a certain quality inspection to be viable for human use. In the event that improper or low-quality materials are used for construction, the structure will not be able to withstand for long periods of time, and could even collapse. To avoid this, civil site engineers have to be constantly vigilant regarding the materials used for construction, ensuring that the professionals involved in the construction are skilled to accomplish the task at hand.

    5. Supervision of Construction Work

    It is very important to monitor the work that is going on at the construction site, it is very important for any civil engineer to check whether the work is going on at the site, according to the drawings, which have been done according to what was said.

     civil site engineers are highly skilled and trained professionals, they have a range of technical duties to conduct on a civil construction site. They have to oversee the structural design of a project, check with the progress of the project, make sure that the right materials are used to ensure the longevity of the structure, and deal with any issues that may arise at the project on a daily basis. They have to conduct such technical duties efficiently to avoid any issues in the project.

    5. Preparing a Schedule of Material Used and Available

    Material Schedule Record
    Preparing a Schedule of Material

    How much material is available on the site, how much material has come, the details of it should be with the civil engineer.

    For such information, the civil engineer makes the material within which the material is used, and how much material is left is detailed.

    6. Plotting Line – Level on Construction Site

    Man using dumpy Level on Construction Site - Civil Site Engineer Responsibilities
    Plotting Line – Level on Construction Site

    It is also the responsibility of the civil engineer to see whether the work done on the side is being done according to the guided line level.

    If friends do anything wrong then repairing the concrete and the construction is very expensive. For this, checking the line level is very important.

    7. Preparing Work Chart Schedule

    It is very important to create a work chart schedule at any construction site. By reading the work chart schedule.

    we can find out how much work has been done and how much work is yet to be done and we also know whether the work has been done or not.

    We can set Goals by preparing a work chart schedule and we can work accordingly.

    8. Checking Steel Work of Slab, Beam, & Column Before Concreting

    Steel Checking of Slab
    Checking Steel Work of Slab, Beam, & Column Before Concreting

    It is the responsibility of the civil engineer to check the steel installed in it before any concrete is done. For example checking of steel used in the slab, column, beam, etc.

    A civil engineer has to check the details like the specified diameter of the steel bar used or not, the number of bars, the spacing of the bar, and whether the proper coverage is provided to a section or not.

    Construction Equipment's
    Concrete Vibration Instrument

    Before starting any concreting, it is necessary to prepare all the things in advance. Checking whether the machine-like vibrator used in the concreting is available on the site, if it goes off then it is a backup must be available for continuous work.

    10. Supervision Of The Curing Process

    After the completion of concrete work, it is very important to cure it. If not properly cured, then cracks can be read in the concrete.

    Then it becomes the responsibility of the civil engineer that starts the curing process as soon as concreting work is completed.

    11. Keeping Note of Each and Every Casting Work

    • Concrete used in m3
    • Formwork Quantity
    • Steel Quantity used
    • Labor used
    • Material used

    12. Much Other Work

    • Steel Record ( Available Steel and used Steel Record)
    • Preparing Concrete Record.
    • Labor Muster
    • Preparing Bill of Quantity
    • Preparing and Sending Daily Process Report to Higher Authority

    13.Overseeing Safety Protocols

    Safety on a civil construction site is of utmost importance as a large number of people work on the site under hazardous conditions. Loose cement, debris, metal components, cranes, and rocks need to be managed properly on the construction site to avoid accidents and potential loss of life on the site. Implementation of health and safety protocols are one of the main responsibilities of a civil site engineer to create a positive working environment for all workers on the site.

     14.Travelling Between Sites

    A civil site engineer has to oversee and manage different kinds of construction sites at the same time. They have to travel between different sites regularly and be aware of the needs of each site. They also have to procure necessary resources, manage the workers, avoid discrepancies in the budget, and execute the vision of the project accurately. If you wish to have a desk job then becoming a civil site engineer is not the job for you.


    As a civil site engineer, it is important to feel comfortable approaching and solving problems should unforeseen events take place throughout a project’s life cycle. As the foremost authority on a construction site for civil engineering projects, the site engineer is the person who employees and contractors look to for guidance, evaluation and clarity if they have questions. A site engineer can benefit from thinking quickly and taking action as soon as possible when any sort of problem arises on a project.