You have following options once you complete Civil Engineering in India.
1. Start a job in construction:
A job in Construction, Real Estate, and Infrastructure & project industry as a site engineer or for any profile which suits your academic. Register yourself on all the major job portals and start applying for the jobs.
2. Prepare for Government Exams
IES: Indian Engineering Services. You can also go for CSIR fellowship.
3. M.Tech :
Go for M.Tech in Civil Engineering with a specialization of your choice. After your M. Tech or M.E. you can also start your career in academics as an Asst.Professor if you have interest in teaching. Following are the options to choose for a M.Tech
Traffic and Transportation Engineering
Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering
Water Resource Engineering
4. Job in Public sector Undertakings (PSUs):
If you are technically strong, you can apply for PSU’s. Nowadays they are mainly dependent on GATE score. So, prepare hard for GATE. Give your best shot.
Some Government departments like Department of Atomic energy etc conduct their own exams for recruitment. Follow their advertisements.
Following are the major Public Sector Companies hiring Civil Engineering Graduates:
NTPC – National Thermal
Power Corporation Limited
BHEL – Bharat Heavy
ONGC – Oil and Natural
Gas Corporation Limited
HAL – Hindustan
GAIL – Gas Authority of
SAIL – Steel Authority
of India Limited
IOCL – Indian Oil
BSNL – Bharat Sanchar
ISRO – Indian Space
5. Go for Higher studies:
MBA or Construction/Project management in India You can as well attempt CAT with your engineering degree. If you are fortunate enough, you may get into some IIM. If you wish to shift to management after Civil engineering, you can as well give a thought on Construction Management/Project Management programmes.
6. Go for M.S. in Civil Engineering in foreign:
Higher studies abroad : GRE, TOEFL, IELTS whatever.
Depending on your score in GRE, preferably 300+ you can choose one of the top ranking universities for M.S in civil engineering with a specialization of your choice in foreign universities.
7. State Government Jobs:
State Public work departments (PWD) and other engineering departments have regular recruitment for civil engineering graduates and it is comparatively easy to crack. You are also eligible for Bank Jobs in India.
Even though most of the students go for jobs, the exposure to entrepreneurship is required. This helps the professionals know how the other departments and the profit center heads work, what are the expectations etc. The college must have innovation labs, design thinking and business incubator.